Carpet Flooring

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There is nothing quite like carpet flooring to really transform a room from a simple living area into a focal point for family and friends to gather.

Apart from the obvious aesthetic values of carpet flooring, they all feel great to walk on and these days even with children and pets to worry about, today's stain protection is extremely good. Even stains caused by the dreaded red wine are no longer a worry.

When considering a new carpet, give some thought to where it is going to be used and what the traffic flow will be like over it. You may wish to consider using area rugs over an otherwise plain tile or wood floor, instead of all carpet.

There is a performance rating guide that you can use that goes from 1 to 5, 5 being the highest rating and best for high-traffic areas.

Carpet Types

Before you choose your carpet flooring you should know what the various carpet types are.

First, there are the various types of fibers available - what your carpet is actually made of. The main types are Nylon, Acrylic, Olefin, Polyester and Wool.

Olefin (Polypropylene) Fiber Characteristics

Acrylic Fiber Characteristics

Nylon Characteristics

Polyester Fiber Characteristics

Wool Characteristics

Photo: Living Room Carpet

Next, consider the way the fibers are constructed - the pile.

There are several different construction types of pile but in order to simplify things it is easier to mention only the main four - Cut Pile, Level Loop, Multilevel Loop and Textured.

Each of these construction techniques can be combined to create variations in carpet flooring texture.

Cut Pile
Cut Pile Saxony CarpetIn cut pile carpet the usual loops are cut, resulting in a flat, plain finish. The density of the pile, what fiber is used in construction and amount of twist in the pile will determine the quality and durability of the carpet.

Level Loop

Level Loop Pile CarpetThis carpet features loops of pile that are of the same height, hence the name. Again, density of the fiber and type of fiber used will determine the quality and durability.

Multilevel Loop

Multilevel Loop Pile CarpetThis carpet has loops of pile at different heights, thereby allowing interesting patterns to be created in the carpet.

Textured (or "Frieze")

Frieze Pile CarpetTextured carpet is cut and twisted to form a patterned carpet design. The twist in the pile gives the carpet a hardwearing surface that resists marks from vacuums and footprints well.

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All carpet texture images used with the kind permission of Floor Facts.