Rug Making - How Oriental and Persian Carpets are made

Article Summary: Rug Making - It helps to know a little about the item you are interested in buying, so here is an article about rug making and how the area rug or Oriental rug is actually made.

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The thing about all Oriental rugs is that each one is unique. The people that make them are artists, toiling to create real masterpieces that take on their own characters in the cloth. The Persian Rug includes hand-knotted pile rug, as well as flat woven rugs. These woven rugs include the Kilims and Soumaks. These rugs can take months or years to complete. It is no wonder that these rugs can cost a small fortune.

Usually, Persian and Oriental rugs are made using a similar method, but there are variations depending on the region that it was made. The tool of the trade is the loom, a timber or steel machine, traditionally hand operated, but these days in modern factories fully automated.

Persian Carpet Knot The skill of the weaver is in keeping the threads at a constant tension while the rug making continues. This ensures a consistency in the rugs shape and feel. The knots used in the creation of rugs are usually a so-called Turkish Knot (Ghiordes Knot), or a Persian Knot (Sinneh Knot). Depending on the pattern of rug making design the weaver is trying to create, the weaver will choose their favored knot. The Ghiordes Knot is used to create designs that are fairly consistent in their geometry, while for more elaborate and complex designs the Sinneh Knot is favored. The Sinneh Knot uses up less space than the Ghiordes Knot and therefore more knots per square meter allows for the more complex and intricate design.

After a complete row of knots is added, the next step is to insert a weft thread. These threads are then knocked down to form a tightly woven fabric using a range comb. After this the threads are cut to determine the thickness or density of the final pattern and then the whole process is repeated.

Turkish Carpet Knot Hand woven rugs display a completely different pattern to that of a machine created rug. The machine made rug is completely uniform in design and texture, while the hand made rug will always display individual design characteristics that give it a life of its own. When you are looking for a rug, make an effort to look at the two differently made rugs side by side. You will notice that the hand made rug displays a texture and depth that is completely lacking in the machine made variant. It is this uniqueness that gives the hand made rug its character and value, more than a machine made rug will ever have.

A simpler form of Oriental and Persian rug making is using the Kilim style. This is a simple weaving technique, akin to a basket weave and is relatively quick and easy to produce. There is far less effort and skill in creating a Kilim rug than a Ghiordes or Sinneh, and therefore their prices reflect this ease of manufacture.

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