Porcelain Tile – Porcelain Floor Tile

Porcelain Floor Tile

Porcelain tile flooring has become very popular for use in homes recently. Porcelain tiles come in a wide range of sizes and colors. They are man made by compressing dust at a very high pressure and as a result are extremely water resistant and hard. They are primarily used in kitchens and bathrooms. They are the most expensive of the floor tiles due to their durability, and also because the color goes all the way through the porcelain.

You can get porcelain tile in the glazed and unglazed versions.

Flooring Fact

Because of its waterproof qualities, porcelain tile flooring is especially suited to wet areas. It is heavy so always make sure your base floor is able to safely carry the additional load.


Porcelain tiles are beautiful in any color. They are water resistant even without being sealed. Properly installed, porcelain flooring will last a lifetime.


Porcelain flooring is very easy to keep clean. It is smooth and non-porous. Because of its hardness and its resistance to moisture, it is most often used in bathrooms and kitchens. In both of these areas, porcelain can be used on the walls as well as the floor.

Porcelain tiles are very hard and durable but the side effect is that it can feel hard and cold underfoot. For this reason, many homeowners like to use area rugs in the kitchen and bathroom to offset the cold feel of the floor or even better, the addition of under floor heatingwill allow you to show off your floor and still have warm feet!


You can easily install Porcelain tile flooring yourself if you are of modest DIY skills. Because porcelain floor tiles come in relatively large sizes, installation for the DIY’er can be even easier.

You do need to be careful though, because porcelain tiles can be rather heavy. It is easy to drop the tiles and if you do, they will break. If you are unsure about your ability to install porcelain tiles, you can make a trip to your home hardware store for pointers. Alternatively, if you are apprehensive about the project, then hire a contractor.

Below are some tips on installing porcelain flooring:

1. Make sure the subfloor is clean, dry and SOLID

2. You can install porcelain tiles over a vinyl floor

3. Use a wet diamond saw for cutting tiles

4. If the existing floor is ceramic or any other type of tile, it will have to be removed

5. Use an adhesive specially made for ceramic; apply with a notched trowel

6. When applying the adhesive, work with a small section of floor at a time (give yourself about 30 minutes per section)

7. You need to allow the floor to dry at least 24 hours before grouting.


Porcelain tiles are easy to maintain. Simply sweep the floor thoroughly and clean with a damp mop and mild household detergent. Don’t use abrasive cleaners or brushes with hard bristles – even though it is a fairly hard material you can still scratch the porcelain surface.

Advantages/Disadvantages of Porcelain Floor Tiles


  • Very durable material
  • Water, allergen and bacteria resistant
  • Low maintenance
  • Does not need sealing

  • Very hard and cold underfoot
  • Porcelain tiles are heavy

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